The history of Berlin ... in outline

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Berlin in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

  • From the VIth century BC, many Germanic tribes occupy the Berlin area, but the cities will be based only from the XIIth century. Spandau Kopenick, Berlin and Colln XIIIth century

    The Middle Ages:
    • The double city of Berlin and Colln became an important commercial center and has more than 8500 inhabitants in 1400, it is part of the Hanseatic League.
    • From the XVth century the Hohenzollern dominate the city of Berlin in 1415 King Sigismund called Frederick I Elector and Margrave of Brandenburg.
    • Berlin grows throughout the Middle Ages and the royal residences beautify the city but the 30-year war decimated half of the city.

      From the seventeenth to eighteenth centuries:
      • In the XVII century, Berlin hosts large Jewish and Huguenot communities. In 1685, Friedrich Wilhelm decreed the Berlin tolerance edict seen flocking persecuted Huguenots in France.
      • In 1701, Berlin became royal residence when Frederick III was crowned as the King Frederick I of Prussia. Berlin encompasses several neighboring cities and in 1709 over 55 000.
      • Greater Berlin grows and becomes a prime Lights center in Europe. The city continues to expand and modernize throughout the XVIII and XIX century.

        nineteenth and twentieth centuries:
        • In 1871, Berlin has more than 825,000 inhabitants and becomes imperial capital. The city is the economic, political, cultural and scientific Empire in 1912 Berlin has over 2 million inhabitants but is severely affected by the First World War and its aftermath: the supply is difficult.
        • In 1918, at the Berlin revolution of the Prince of Baden announced the abdication of the emperor, the free Republic of Germany is proclaimed. The Weimar Republic is an intense period of modernization for the city of Berlin but also a period of recurring political unrest.
        • Adolf Hitler took power in Berlin in 1933, elected municipal bodies are dissolved, major operations are undertaken to make Berlin the capital of pan-German Reich, the city hosts the Olympics in 1936 ... but at the same time the purges against the Jews abound and the war starts slowly in place.
        • Allied bombing and the Battle of Berlin in April 1945 put the city to fire and sword, the war ended with the suicide of Hitler in Berlin. Berlin is in ruins, the city is divided between the allies.
        • In 1949, the joint administration of the city is abandoned due to conflicts between the Soviet Union and the West. The city gradually rebuilt and March 13, 1961 begins the construction of the wall that will cut the city in half until 1989.
        • The city regains its integrity at the fall of the Soviet bloc and Berlin returns to the German capital since 1991.