The history of Barcelona ... broadly


Barcelone

Not easy to summarize the rich history of Barcelona in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

Antiquity:
  • Barcelona was originally a Roman colony called Barcino, although there are traces of occupation since 4000 BC.
  • The city will then pass into the hands of barbarians (Swabians, Alans, Vandals, Visigoths ...) then the Arabs in 715 before being conquered by Louis the Pious in 801.

    The Middle Ages:
    • Barcelona becomes a border town south of the Pyrenees. The Barcelona County remain under French influence, until Borrell II breaks the vassal regime 988.
    • The Count of Barcelona, ​​Ramon Berenguer IV married Petronilla of Aragon to the XIIth century and creates catalo-Aragonese confederation. It will become the XIIIth century a major Mediterranean trading power.
    • Barcelona capital of the confederation is a powerful city at the height of his glory.

      From the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries
      • In the XVth century, plague, civil wars and pirate attacks devastate the city. Moreover, the discovery of America swung the maritime trade to the west.
      • In the XVII century Castile attack Catalonia in response to his act of independence. Barcelona resists 12 years but was finally conquered.
      • Catalonia is dismembered but the city of Barcelona retain its independence for a time.

        From the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries
        • At the beginning of XVIII century, after the wars of succession to the Spanish throne, Castile resumed political autonomy of the city.
        • Ciutadella is built to monitor the city, Catalan is prohibited.

          The nineteenth century:
          • It is thanks to the Industrial Revolution in the nineteenth century that the city will come to rise from the ashes, however the neighborhoods live very hard.
          • The growth of the city is very important, a huge extension with a regular grid is achieved by Idelfons Cerda, the city then organizes the Universal Exhibition of 1888.
          • The textile industry, wine and cork ... allow the city to get rich, more important artistic movement, especially Catalan, bloom in the second half of the XIX century.
          • However, the city is also shaken by anarchist bombings and social unrest. Clashes were also held between the Spanish government and the Catalan supporters.

            The twentieth century:
            • In 1930, the fall of the dictator Rivera, the Catalan nationalists proclaim the Republic of Catalonia but it is still far from autonomy.
            • It was not until Franco's fall to talk of autonomy, indeed the Catalan independence are severely repressed during the Franco era.
            • After 1975 Catalonia acquires its autonomy and Barcelona is the capital of the autonomous region.
            • In 1982, Barcelona was chosen to host the 1992 Olympic Games, this is the opportunity of a general modernization of the city. Barcelona is shaken by an important cultural and artistic activity and becomes a major tourist destination in Europe.