The history of Barcelona


Barcelone

(-) 35 000:

First human presence on the site. It is assumed that the ancestors of the Celtiberian tribe Laietani took the Pyrenees to reach the southern plains. Other clues suggest the establishment of a camp around 230 BC. BC by the Carthaginians Hamilcar Barca .

first century BC. J.-C:

The Romans found a colony: Barcino , around Mount Taber, a small hillock. If one believes the Latin poet Ausonius, Barcino was prosperous, based its economy on fishing and farming hinterland.

fourth century:

Barcino must protect itself behind a wall (which remains remains today) after the Frankish invaders have put the city to sack. In 415, the Visigoths arrived under the leadership of Althaulf that sets very tentatively its capital at Barcelona before transferring to Toledo.

711:

The Amir Tariq landed at the head of the Saracens in Gibraltar, it was not difficult to conquer the entire Iberian Peninsula. Barcelona thus falls under Muslim rule, but for a short time.

801:

On the Frankish king Louis Pious , son of Charlemagne, captured Barcelona and places the local power in the hands of the counts from tribes on the outskirts of the Frankish Empire . Barcelona becomes a border town in what was then called the Spanish March , a kind of south of the Pyrenees buffer zone, embryo of the future Catalonia . < / p>

878:

The count Wifred the Hairy conquered most territories around Barcelona and thus founded what is now called Catalonia. The language is Catalan is a language very close to the Occitan language. Monks founded the Esglesia de Sant Pau del Camp whose portal has retained some elements of the Visigoth decoration.

1060

System of government and feudal justice is taking place, a set of laws from the Roman-Visigoth law and emerging feudal practices together to compose a written code called Usatges Barcelona . < / p>

1213-1324:

Period of Golden Age of Barcelona . Despite many casualties and war spending, Jacques I then his son Peter III conquer all the western Mediterranean, which was then under the influence of the city became the seat of a flourishing empire merchant . In 1249, the Corts Catalanes meet for the first time in what will be the Palau de la Generalitat . Construction of the Cathedral and Capella Reial de Santa Agata . It was also at this time that are erected Aguilar palace Baro de Castellet and Meca , which now house the Picasso Museum .

1326:

Monestir Pedralbes is founded as a convent. It now houses a museum of monastic life and part of the collection Thyssen .

1350

King Pedro IV erected sumptuous Gothic buildings churches Santa Maria del Pi and Santa Maria del Mar . He also build the impressive Royal Shipyards ( Reials Drassanes ), wonderful example of civil architecture which now houses one of the finest museums in Barcelona: Museu Maritim .

1401

Construction Start Hospital de la Santa Creu, , considered to be the best of Barcelona at that time. It now Biblioteca de Catalunya and Institute of Catalan .

1492

Columbus discovered America, Barcelona's commercial activity decline deliberately departed from trading with the New World in favor of Sevilla and around ports , considered more loyal to Madrid.

1640-1652:

Catalonia revolts is the " War of the Reapers " whose marching song became the Catalan national anthem. Town and country are devastated and Barcelona, ​​besieged, must finally surrender.

1702-1714:

War of the Spanish Succession . The last Habsburg, Charles II died in 1700 without a designated heir. Barcelona supports the son of the Emperor of Austria faced a Bourbon of France, Philip V . A bloody war broke out with the purpose of surrender of Barcelona. Philip V abolished the Generalitat, the Catalan government, and erects a giant fort: Ciutadella to watch Barcelona. At the same time, it prohibits the teaching and writing of Catalan.

1755

The construction of the Església de Sant Miquel The first building to be built in the neighborhood of Barceloneta, is completed this year. It is in th

e house to the right of the church lived Ferdinand de Lesseps when he officiated in Barcelona as consul general of France.

1778

Lifting of the ban the Catalan merchants to trade with America, new economic development of the region.

1808-1814:

Attempted invasion of France, it is the " Napoleonic Wars " that leave Barcelona in horrible condition.

1847

Construction of the Gran Teatre del Liceu , the great opera of Barcelona.

1848

first railway line Spanish inaugurated between Barcelona and Mataro.

1854

Demolition of the medieval walls following the revolts of Barcelona people.

1869

The architect Ildefons Cerda is responsible for creating the Eixample district to attract more factories in the city.

1884

Antoni Gaudi begins the design of the famous basilica Sagrada Familia , located in the Eixample district.

1888

Barcelona hosts the Expo which leaves virtually on the brink of bankruptcy and without receiving the expected international recognition (despite more than 2 million visitors). Construction of the Monument to Columbus , the Arc de Triomphe and it's also during this period that the industrial Eusibi Guell ask < strong> Gaudi to make the architecture of the Palau Guell that mixes Gothic, Moorish and Art Nouveau.

1895

Directions Picasso in the city and during the Renaissance Barcelona characterized by serenity and a strong commercial success but it's probably in the world of art that the expression of this Renaixença manifests with more dynamism. Cradle of modernist movement Catalan version of Art Nouveau, Barcelona is one of the centers of the vanguard and maintains close ties with Paris. Construction of the Museu Cera (wax museum).

1898

US War against Spain loses its fleet and its last colonies (Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines). The Barcelona trade loses much or all.

Late nineteenth century:

Barcelona is a home anarchists active Republicans, of bourgeois origin separatists, gangsters, terrorists and police pistoleros (mercenaries).

Early twentieth century:

Reial Pedralbes Palace is built for the family of Eusebi Güell . Today the palace is home to the Ceramics Museum and Decorative Arts Museum .

1902-1906:

Puig i Cadafalch performs Palau del Baro Quadras in an exuberant style of Gothic inspiration. Since 2003, the palace houses the Casia Asia .

1903-1905:

Construction of the Casa de les Punxes "home tips" so called because of its slender turrets. This building looks like a castle of fairy tales and was designed by architect Puig i Cadafalch .

1905-1908:

Lluis Domenech i Montaner built for the musical society Orfeo Català Palau de la Musica Catalana .

1909

Episode of Semana Tragica where, following a Madrid decision to send Barcelona restore order in Morocco, crowds rampage 70 religious buildings. Temple del Sagrat Cor (Sacred Heart Church) was built in order to "atone" these acts.

1910

Gaudi completed the construction of La Pedrera , known originally Casa Mila , in tribute to his sponsor.

1917

The general strike is 32 dead, unionism is developing intensively. Create CNT (National Confederation of Labor).

1923

Coup dictator General Miguel Primo de Rivera which opposes the Catalan nationalism, radicalism of the working class and prohibits the NTC.

1929

Second Expo from Barcelona to Montjuic. Construction of the Palau Nacional where you installed the National Art Museum of Catalonia .

17 July 1936

Trigger Spanish Civil War which opposes Nationalist troops Franco to the Communists. The city of Barcelona is severely affected by the war and lost many civilians during the three years.

25 January 1939

Barcelona fell to the Nationalists, two months before the end of the Civil War.

1940

While the World War raging in Europe, Franco hardens his regime and eliminate those that hinder the purge will continue until 1950. In addition he undertook an extensive Castilianization program of Catalonia.

1957

Construction of the Camp Nou: , one of the biggest stadiums in the world, up to 100 000 spectators.

1960

The audience of the concert hall Palau de la Musica Catalana Barcelona intones, in the presence of Franco, Catalan air prohibited. Among the leaders were Jordi Pujol .

1973

Death of Franco. Two years later, the King Juan Carlos I decreed the restoration of the Generalitat.

1980

Pujol was elected president and engages in a war of attrition that Barcelona have more autonomy on fiscal and political and promotes a program "recatalanisation" .

1990:

Opening Palau Sant Jordi which is the work of Japanese Arata Isozaki .

1992

Success Games which marks the resumption of major works and brings new life to the districts of Barcelona. Complete restoration of the Estadi Olimpic , originally opened in 1929.

1995

Construction Barcelona Aquarium , one of the largest in Europe and known for its shark tunnel, 80m long.

2004

Barcelona is organizing the Universal Forum of Cultures that justifies the incredible urban development plan the Diagonal Mar district For five months in the spring and summer, the city has therefore allowed a series world music festivals, lectures by personalities, etc. The transformation of the coastal area northeast of the city was impressive.

2005

Torre Agbar is completed by French architect Jean Nouvel . This bright cucumber shaped monument is undoubtedly the most daring contribution to architectural profile from the basilica Sagrada Familia . It was this same year that the Cosmocaixa (Science Museum) reopened after extensive renovations and receives the following year European Prize for year's Museum . This list reflects only a small part of the cultural and heritage potential of Barcelona, ​​you will discover many other wonders by visiting this city ...