The history of Istanbul ... in outline


Istanbul entre traditions et modernité

Not easy to summarize the history of Istanbul in a few lines ... however, it is always interesting to be aware of the major events that have marked the history of the city that 'we are visiting. To us then we dive deeper into the periods that excite us.

From ancient times to the fall of Constantinople:
  • In the VIIth century BC Byzas a sailor came from Megara in Greece founded a small colony on the European side: Byzantium. Opposite on the Asian side, other inhabitants of Megara founded Chalcedon.
  • The city is growing thanks to its exceptional location and in 342, Emperor Constantine seized Byzantium to make the capital of the Roman Empire.
  • The new Rome was renamed Konstantinou Poli (Constantinople) and is the capital of the Byzantine Empire even at the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

    The Ottoman Empire:
    • In 1453, the Ottomans seized the city. They transform the Catholic monuments Islamic monuments and change the name of the city Istanbul.
    • The capital of the Ottoman Empire became the first city in the world with over 700 000 inhabitants in the time of Suleiman the Magnificent, he reign from 1520 to 1566. This is the time of the peak of the city that endows many monuments. Subsequently the city jeopardy gradually.

      The twentieth century:
      • In 1919, Istanbul was occupied by the French and British forces and their departure in 1923, Ankara became the capital of Turkey.
      • From the second half of the XXth century and despite a galloping urbanism, Istanbul opens to tourism and highlights its former glory.